University Press of Kansas Logo

Sexual Harassment and the Law

The Mechelle Vinson Case

Augustus B. Cochran III

April 2004
256 pages, 5-1/2 x 8-1/2
Landmark Law Cases and American Society
Cloth ISBN 978-0-7006-1322-9, $29.95
Paper ISBN 978-0-7006-1323-6, $14.95

book cover imageTitle VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act may have outlawed sex discrimination, but it did not address the sexual harassment of women in the workplace—behavior that courts did not deem illegal until well into the era of the modern civil rights and women’s movements. Mechelle Vinson’s lawsuit against her employer, Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson (1986), changed all of that. Adopting the legal theory pioneered by feminist Catharine MacKinnon that sexual harassment was indeed discriminatory, the Supreme Court’s opinion, authored by one of the most conservative justices, brought the problem of sexual harassment into the spotlight and placed power relations between men and women at work squarely on the public agenda.

Plaintiff Vinson claimed that she had submitted to the unwanted sexual advances of her supervisor in order to hold onto her job. Although her supervisor denied her charges and the bank he worked for disavowed any knowledge of misbehavior, her suit finally reached the Supreme Court after six years of litigation, where a unanimous Court determined that the creation of a “hostile work environment” through sexual harassment was a form of sex discrimination--and that such harassment could be actionable even without economic injury to the plaintiff.

Augustus Cochran reexamines the origins, contexts, and impact of this landmark decision and introduces readers to the main actors in the drama: bank teller Vinson, her boss and alleged harasser, and a changing cast of jurists. Cochran traces the case from the lower court’s ruling in favor of the bank through the appellate stage overturning that ruling to the Supreme Court’s holding that sexual harassment violates Title VII. He analyzes the decision’s contentious legacy, charting the course of issues raised in the case--hostile environment, unwelcomeness, employer liability--as they have played out in later cases. He also examines new and related legal developments since 1986 and explores the opinions of those who think the laws have gone too far, and of others who think they haven’t gone far enough.

The Supreme Court’s ruling has had far-reaching implications in the workplace and also influenced such high-profile controversies as the Anita Hill–Clarence Thomas hearings, the Tailhook scandal, and the Clinton impeachment. In telling this story, Cochran has written a definitive work on sexual harassment and the law that will fascinate and inform all concerned with equal rights and the empowerment of women.

“This is much more than a story of a single case. It provides a panoramic overview of the role of work in women’s lives, a succinct history of employment discrimination law, and a penetrating analysis of the evolution of our views of sexual harassment in the workplace.”--Karen O’Connor, author of Women, Politics, and American Society

“After Vinson, nothing was the same. Cochran does a masterful job of setting the case in its historical context and exploring its legal impact.”--Judith A. Baer, author of Our Lives before the Law: Constructing a Feminist Jurisprudence

“Cochran is an exceptional raconteur and his book is comprehensive, thorough, and wonderfully forward-looking.”--Nancy Levit, author of The Gender Line: Men, Women, and the Law

AUGUSTUS B. COCHRAN III is professor of political science at Agnes Scott College and is associated with the Atlanta law firm of Stanford Fagan. He is the author of Democracy Heading South: National Politics in the Shadow of Dixie, published recently by Kansas.

Facebook button