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The Morenci Marines

A Tale of Small Town America and the Vietnam War

Kyle Longley

November 2013
360 pages, 32 photographs, 1 map, 6 x 9
Modern War Studies
Cloth ISBN 978-0-7006-1934-4, $34.95

Book cover imageIn 1966, nine young men left the Arizona desert mining camp of Morenci to serve their country in the far-flung jungles of Vietnam, in danger zones from Hue to Khe Sanh. Ultimately, only three survived. Each battled survivor’s guilt, difficult re-entries into civilian life, and traumas from personally experiencing war—and losing close friends along the way.

Such stories recurred throughout America, but the Morenci Marines stood out. ABC News and Time magazine recounted their moving tale during the war, and, in 2007, the Arizona Republic selected the “Morenci Nine” as the most important veterans’ story in state history. Returning to the soldiers’ Morenci roots, Kyle Longley’s account presents their story as unique by setting and circumstance, yet typical of the sacrifices borne by small towns all across America. His narrative spotlights a generation of young people who joined the military during the tumultuous 1960s and informs a later generation of the hard choices made, many with long-term consequences.

The story of the Morenci Marines also reflects that of their hometown: a company town dominated by the Phelps Dodge Mining Corporation, where the company controlled lives and the labor strife was legendary. The town’s patriotic citizens saw Vietnam as a just cause, moving Clive Garcia’s mother to say, “He died for this cause of freedom.” Yet while their sons fought and sent home their paychecks, Phelps Dodge sought to destroy the union that kept families afloat, pushing the government to end a strike that it said undermined the war effort.

Morenci was also a place where cultures intermingled, and the nine friends included three Mexican Americans and one Native American. Longley reveals how their backgrounds affected their decisions to join and also helped the survivors cope, with Mike Cranford racing his Harley on back roads at high speeds while Joe Sorrelman tried to deal with demons of war through Navajo rituals.

Drawing on personal interviews and correspondence that sheds new light on the Morenci Nine, Longley has written a book as much about loss, grief, and guilt as about the battlefield. It makes compelling reading for anyone who lived in that era—and for anyone still seeing family members go off to fight in controversial wars.

“Kyle Longley has produced something all too rare in the field of military history, not only a work that focuses on the soul of warfare—the reality of young men and their lives in a brutal environment—but also a work that eloquently addresses many of the main historiographical themes of the conflict, from race, to class, to societal motivation.”—Andrew Wiest, author of The Boys of 67: Charlie Company’s War in Vietnam

“A powerful, compelling story. Longley’s The Morenci Marines illuminates the devastating impact of war on a small town.”—George C. Herring, author of America’s Longest War: The United States and Vietnam

“The Vietnam War touched the lives of many working class American communities, but none more than a small town in rural Arizona. Longley tells the gripping story of nine high school graduates, caught up in a wave of patriotic idealism, who became known as the ‘Morenci Nine.’ The story of those nine Marines, two-thirds of whom died in the flower of youth, is forever woven into the fabric of the close-knit mining town.”—Marshall Trimble, author of Roadside History of Arizona

KYLE LONGLEY is the Snell Family Dean’s Distinguished Professor of History and Political Science at Arizona State University and author of Grunts: The American Combat Soldier in Vietnam and In the Eagle’s Shadow: The United States and Latin America.

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